Tropical forests need our protection. These are wonderful places and they have a level of biodiversity that is hard to imagine. Can you imagine a world without this level of biodiversity? Keywords – Debt reduction – countries are freed up some of their debt in exchange for the protection of their tropical forests. Ecotourism – responsible trips to natural areas that preserve the environment, preserve the well-being of local people and can involve education. It is usually done in small groups and has minimal impact on the local ecosystem. Selective cutting – cutting mature or lower trees to encourage the growth of remaining trees in a forest or wood. Sustainability – measures and forms of progress that meet current needs without reducing the ability of future generations to meet their needs. In some areas, horsewood cuts are used, where horses pull felled trees from the rainforest, which is more environmentally friendly than heavy machinery. Helicopter logging is also an alternative to the use of heavy machinery for wood production. This is what is happening in the Malaysian state of Sarawak. Ecotourism, nature protection and education Preservation is entirely dedicated to the protection, conservation, management or restoration of tropical forests and the ecological communities that inhabit them. In this case, conservation would endeavour to manage the human use of natural resources in tropical forests for sustainable social and economic exploitation.
These include the Amazon Protected Areas Programme (ARPA), in which WWF works with the Brazilian government to protect the parks of 150 million hectares of forest. Another sustainable use is the development of ecotourism. Ecotourism is environmentally friendly tourism, where; The people involved strive to protect the environment as much as possible – there is visitor training – part of the profits go back to the preservation of the rainforest-environment – tourism is small with a low density of visitors – Local people are busy and involved Below is an ecotourism lodge where excursions through the Amazon rainforest take place. The tourist stay in the wooden chalets, there is a limited current, waste is treated on site and food is purchased on site. All guides are local. b) Moving the crop – Moving from one place to another for cultivation in 2-3 years can help tropical forests recover. Agriculture makes a country barren.