Some of these sources of disagreement were raised in interviews with Richard Haass and Professor Meghan O`Sullivan. These discussions began in September 2013 and ended on 31 December of the same year without an agreement. After 11 weeks of talks in Stormont, the deal was reached with Northern Ireland`s political leaders, which offers a new approach to some of the most difficult topics that have remained in Northern Ireland`s past. It offers a new beginning and a much more hopeful future, but it will continue to require hard work to ensure it delivers on its promise. Some outstanding issues have not been resolved and other agreements have been necessary, namely the Stormont House Agreement (2014); Stormont House: Fresh Start Agreement (2015); and New Decade, New Approach (2020). The agreement was omnibus-natural and included a large number of different topics. The agreement exists and complements the paradigm established by previous peace agreements from 1998 to 2007. Welfare reform has also been the subject of significant disagreements between elements of the executive (notably Sinn Féin) and the British government. The UK Department of Finance was determined that Northern Ireland would adopt the welfare reform and had fined the executive for failing to do so. Within the executive, the parties were divided. While Sinn Féin had opposed the adoption of social reform, the Democratic Unionist Party had tried to do so, arguing that it was inevitable and that failure to do so would result in further fines from London.
Implementation of the agreement has been delayed due to disagreements over social reform and controversies over paramilitary activities.  The Committee on the Administration of Justice and scientists from the Institute for the Study of Conflict Transformation and the Transitional Justice Institute have developed a model implementing legislation to address past elements of the agreement.  A group of civil society activists and academics adopted a number of gender principles for managing the legacy of the conflict to fill this gap in the agreement.  This package provides background information on the Stormont Agreement and the Implementation Plan agreed on 17 November 2016 between the UK Government and Ireland and the main parts of Northern Ireland, the Fresh Start Agreement. . . .