In total, the framework agreement covers five key themes: the free movement of people, mutual recognition of industrial standards, agricultural products, air transport and land transport. The future of this bilateral route – key to the Swiss economy and day-to-day relations – depends on the ability of Bern and Brussels to agree on issues such as monitoring and ensuring compliance and resolving disputes between Switzerland and the EU. In 2014, the two sides began negotiations on an institutional framework agreement for certain bilateral agreements, in particular internal market access agreements. The proposed agreement was presented in December 2018. The Swiss federal government has recently undergone several major political reversals, but specific agreements with the EU on the free movement of workers and the sectors of tax evasion have been dealt with within the Swiss banking system. This was the result of the first Ue-Switzerland summit in May 2004, during which nine bilateral agreements were signed. Romano Prodi, former president of the European Commission, said the agreements had “brought Switzerland closer to Europe.” Joseph Deiss of the Federal Council said: “We may not be at the centre of Europe, but we are definitely at the heart of Europe.” He continued: “We are entering a new era of relations between our two entities.” [33] In the event that an agreement is not reached after the spring 2020 vote, the question of a Plan B is raised. In order to mitigate the negative consequences of possible non-acceptance and to allow the resumption of negotiations at a later date, the conclusion of an interim agreement could be considered. It would therefore be clear that, although Switzerland does not have the right to enter into other market access agreements, the existing agreements remain in force. J. whereas Switzerland`s participation in the European UNION`s Horizon 2020 research framework programme and its previous Framework Programme 7 (7th PCRD) has had a considerable impact on all stakeholders due to the high quality of the proposals; After years of negotiations, the EU insists that Switzerland sign the agreement, but the Swiss government submitted it for public consultation at the end of 2018. Brussels initially had until July 2019 to decide whether it wanted to accept the deal. But since then, the talks have stalled, with three stumbling blocks: wage protection, state aid and the extent to which EU immigrants can benefit from the Swiss social system.

F. whereas Switzerland has expressed its desire to maintain binding material provisions on state aid to a future market access agreement and to have access to the internal electricity market; – In view of the negotiations on the agreements between the EU and the Swiss Confederation on electricity, food security, product safety and public health, the framework agreement includes five existing bilateral agreements governing access to the European Union market (free movement of people, land transport, air transport, technical barriers to trade and agriculture). For example, ongoing negotiations on the electricity agreement and in the areas of public health and food security can be expected to be halted. In addition, in addition to the non-recognition of the equivalence of the Swiss stock exchange, the EU could respond with other retaliatory measures such as Switzerland`s exclusion from the continuation of the EU`s Horizon 2021 research programme. Three points of disagreement are opposed to the signing of the agreement: the protection of wages, the directive on the rights of European citizens and state aid.